Marcel, Gabriel

Marcel, Gabriel
   A French existentialist philosopher and playwright who converted to Roman Catholicism in 1929, Marcel sought to address the issues of existentialism as a Christian. His philosophy in such works as Metaphysical Journal (1927) and Being and Having (1935) is written in journal form. In the latter work, Marcel distinguishes between the two ways of encountering the world: as object, something we can have, and as subject, something that we are. The pre-eminent example is one's own body, which can either be possessed as an object or lived as a being. Marcel also developed the distinction between problem and mystery.
   A problem is rooted in an object that stands before one, requiring reduction and ultimate elimination through technique, while a mystery is an inexplicable and ineliminable reality within which an individual personally participates. Marcel castigated other existentialists for their bleak perspectives, and sought to demonstrate the centrality of God to each moment in the lives we are given. His sober but optimistic philosophical work carries through into his plays, e.g. The Broken World. Marcel delivered the Gifford Lectures in 1949-50, later published as The Mystery of Being.
   See existentialism
   Further reading: Lapointe and Lapointe 1977; Marcel 1965 and 2001; Moran 1992

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • Marcel, Gabriel — ▪ French philosopher and author Introduction born December 7, 1889, Paris died October 8, 1973, Paris  philosopher, dramatist, and critic, usually regarded as the first French Existential philosopher. Early life and influences       Marcel was… …   Universalium

  • Marcel, Gabriel — (1889 1973)    philosopher, dramatist    Born in Paris, Gabriel Marcel converted from Protestantism to Catholicism (1929) and became one of the proponents of Christian existentialism. Meditating on the concrete existence of the human in the world …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Marcel, Gabriel — (1889–1973) French Christian existentialist . A Catholic convert, Marcel disliked this label, but his meditations upon the central concepts of the Christian life have a characteristic existentialist flavour. His emphasis on the personal nature of …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Marcel, Gabriel (-Honoré) — born Dec. 7, 1889, Paris, France died Oct. 8, 1973, Paris French philosopher, dramatist, and critic. His philosophical works explore aspects of human existence (e.g., trust, fidelity, hope, and despair) which had traditionally been dismissed as… …   Universalium

  • Marcel, Gabriel (-Honoré) — (7 dic. 1889, París, Francia–8 oct. 1973, París). Filósofo, dramaturgo y crítico francés. En sus obras filosóficas explora aspectos de la existencia humana (p. ej., la confianza, la fidelidad y la desesperación) que han sido tradicionalmente… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marcel, Gabriel — See Religion ( …   History of philosophy

  • Marcel, Gabriel — ► (1889 1973) Filósofo y escritor francés. Es el principal representante del existencialismo cristiano: Diario metafísico (1912 13) y El misterio del ser (1951). Autor también de las obras teatrales: El sol invisible (1914), Roma ya no está en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MARCEL, Gabriel — (1889 1973)    French philosopher, novelist and convert to ROMAN CATHOLICISM often described as a theistic existentialist. His major works are Being and Having (1932) and his The Mystery of Being (1950 1951, 2 Vols.) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Gabriel Marcel — Nombre Gabriel Marcel Nacimiento 07 de diciembre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabriel Marcel — Gabriel Honoré Marcel Full name Gabriel Honoré Marcel Born 7 December 1889(1889 12 07) Paris, France Died 8 October 1973( …   Wikipedia

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